लैंसेट परियोजनाओं से भारत की प्रजनन दर में और गिरावट, चिंता बढ़ी

लैंसेट परियोजनाओं से भारत की प्रजनन दर में और गिरावट, चिंता बढ़ी

Lancet projects further fall in India's fertility rate, raises concern

India witnesses a decline in fertility rates due to contraceptive projects, raising concerns and intensifying worries about population growth.

  • Global News
  • 111
  • 25, Mar, 2024
Jivika Chawla
Jivika Chawla
  • @JivikaChawla

Lancet projects further fall in India's fertility rate, raises concern

Experts express concerns about India's declining Total Fertility Rate (TFR), highlighted in a recent Lancet study on global fertility trends. The study reveals a substantial decrease in India's TFR over the past century, plummeting from 6.18 children per woman in 1950 to an anticipated 1.29 by 2050.

India has already dipped below the replacement level of fertility, crucial for population sustainability. In 2021, the TFR stood at 1.91, below the requisite replacement rate of 2.1. Factors contributing to this decline include delayed marriage, leading to a shift in the average age of first pregnancy from the mid-20s to the mid to late 30s. Additionally, rising female literacy and workforce participation contribute to this trend. Urbanization and demanding careers also dissuade couples from parenthood.

This demographic shift carries economic implications. Poonam Muttreja, Executive Director of the Population Foundation of India, warns of challenges such as an ageing population, labour shortages, and potential gender imbalances. Gender preferences may exacerbate social disparities. Addressing these challenges will require comprehensive strategies to support family planning, promote gender equality, and adapt to evolving demographic dynamics.

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Jivika Chawla

Jivika Chawla

  • @JivikaChawla