The eruption was caused by a submarine volcano called Nishinoshima, which has erupted several times in the past. The most recent eruption in 2013 created a new island that lasted for several years before being eroded by the waves.
It is not clear how long the new island will last, but it is a fascinating example of the dynamic nature of the Earth's crust. The eruption of Nishinoshima is also a reminder of the potential for volcanic eruptions in Japan, which is home to over 100 active volcanoes.
Implications of the New Island
The emergence of a new island after a volcanic eruption has a number of implications, both scientific and environmental.
From a scientific perspective, the new island provides an opportunity for scientists to study the process of island formation and the impact of volcanic eruptions on the marine environment. Scientists can also study the new island's flora and fauna to see how they evolve and adapt to the new environment.
From an environmental perspective, the new island can provide a habitat for new species of plants and animals. It can also serve as a natural barrier against storms and erosion.
However, there are also some potential risks associated with the new island. For example, if the volcano erupts again, it could pose a hazard to shipping and fishing in the area. The new island could also be vulnerable to erosion from waves and currents.